Harm from the use of testosterone and anabolic steroids | Addictionlink.fi
Testosterone is the body’s own male sex hormone. Anabolic steroids are its synthetic derivatives. The use of these doping preparations is permitted only for the treatment of diseases, for example. osteoporosis. It is estimated that in Finland there are 5–10 thousand individuals who abuse testosterone and anabolic steroids. They use these drugs periodically, primarily to acquire a muscular body. Abuse causes a violation of hormonal functions and can lead to many serious illnesses and mental disorders.
Testosterone is the body’s own male sex hormone. Anabolic steroids are its synthetic derivatives. The use of these doping preparations is permitted only for the treatment of diseases, for example. osteoporosis. It is estimated that in Finland there are 5–10 thousand individuals who abuse testosterone and anabolic steroids. They use these drugs periodically, primarily to acquire a muscular body. Abuse causes a violation of hormonal functions and can lead to many serious illnesses and mental disorders. Consumption increases the risks of, for example, infertility, cardiovascular diseases, liver damage and depression.
Use in medicine
Both testosterone and anabolic steroids according to the decree (705/2002) of paragraph 1 of paragraph 16 of chapter 44 of the Criminal Code are referred to as doping drugs. They are available by prescription and are only allowed for the treatment of diseases approved by pharmaceutical authorities.
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Such diseases are, in particular, the underproduction of testosterone in the pituitary gland or testicles, various anemias, osteoporosis, as well as chronic diseases in which there are protein loss Legit USA Pharmacy and delayed tissue regeneration. Testosterone is also used to treat menopausal symptoms of men.
Testosterone is used in the form of injections containing various testosterone esters (for example, testosterone propionate, testosterone enanthate, testosterone phenylpropionate, testosterone isocarbonate, testosterone decanoate, testosterone undecanoate) or in the form of oral oral testosterone undecanoate. Anabolic steroids are available in the form of injections and tablets.
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In Finland, there are 5–10 thousand individuals who abuse testosterone and anabolic steroids. They are usually men aged 20–35 years. The main purpose of use is to create a muscular figure. On the other hand, the use of steroids tend to raise their status, for example, in the team of athletes. Among weightlifters, the motive is to improve athletic performance.
Abuse of anabolic steroids is characterized by their periodic use. Usage cycles last from several weeks to several months, between which breaks of several months are taken. At the beginning of the cycle of use, the number of steroids increases gradually. At the end of the cycle, consumption is stopped in 1–2 weeks. For abuse, the typical pattern is to use increased doses.
Harmful effects: hormonal disorders
When testosterone or anabolic steroids are ingested more than the normal need, they cause hormonal disorders.
In men, harmful effects are seen in the form of a decrease in the production of hormones by the body itself. Structural atrophy occurs in the glands and organs that produce hormones, for example, in the testicles. After the hormonal cycle, infertility and withering of sexual functions follow.
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In women who use testosterone and anabolic steroids, hairiness is observed, a decrease in timbre of the voice, breast reduction, hair loss, clitoris hypertrophy, skin problems and menstrual disorders. After the cessation of the use of some of these effects remains constant.
Among young consumers, there may be a cessation of growth, which leads to a low height.
Harmful effects: serious diseases
With an overdose, testosterone and anabolic steroids violate lipid metabolism in an unfavorable direction to health. Regular use of these hormones increases the risk of diseases of the cardiovascular system, as well as the risk of heart attack and stroke. Steroids weaken the strength of heart contractions and cause myocardial dystrophy, increasing the likelihood of arrhythmias and sudden death.
In addition, the use of these hormones increases the risk of diabetes, and their introduction with syringes for general use increases the likelihood of becoming infected with blood-borne infections, including jaundice (hepatitis) and HIV.
Excessive use of testosterones and anabolic steroids also increases the risk of neoplastic diseases and damage to the liver. Anabolic steroids taken by mouth in the form of tablets are more harmful to the liver than anabolic steroids in the form of injections. Liver diseases range from mildly passing cell damage and jaundice to malignant liver tumors with an unfavorable prognosis even when they are cured.
Harmful effects: mood disorders
Testosterone and anabolic steroids also act on the central nervous system. Places of their actions in the brain have a connection with the centers that regulate mood, sexuality and aggressiveness.
Among those who use increased doses of testosterone and anabolic steroids, 20–30% during the steroid cycle have mood disorders that meet the criteria for psychiatric diseases, such as depression, depression, psychosis with hallucinations, hypomania, and a weakened cognitive level of functioning.
In 30% of individuals who use increased doses of anabolic steroids, during their use, aggressiveness, hostility and irritability are observed. Based on the few cases described, it can be said that hormones weaken the impulse control. The medical literature describes cases in which people who were previously mentally balanced, after starting to use hormones, became prone to violent behavior and inadvertently killed.
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According to a study conducted among the Finnish population, the risk of death among those who abuse anabolic steroids and testosterone is 4.6 times higher than in the control group.
Timo Seppälä (Timo Seppälä)
Anti-Doping Commission of Finland
(Suomen Antidopingtoimikunta ADT ry)
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Anabolic steroid abuse and dependence
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